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Urinary incontinence

Each person has two kidneys located on both sides of the spine at the top of the abdominal cavity. The length of the kidney covers 10-12 cm, width – 5-6 cm, weight – 120-200 grams or approximately 0.5% of total body weight. According to their forms, they resemble bean seeds. The outer kidneys are covered with dense ligament bark and are embedded in the layer of adipose tissue. It holds the kidneys firmly in a certain anatomical position. With the weight loss of a sharp person, when the oil capsule is noticeably reduced or completely lost, the kidneys become a cause of various movement disorders, abdomen and lower back pain. On the part of the kidney, two layers can be seen: the outer cortex and internal medullary consist of a large number of conical segments – the pyramids and the numerous urpoesis units (nephritis) respectively.


In case of urinary incontinence you lose your bladder control. In some cases, you can completely empty the contents of the bladder. In other cases, you may experience only a small leak. Depending on the cause, the situation can be transient or chronic. Today, millions of adults are experiencing urinary incontinence. It is more common among women and people over the age of 50 years. But everyone can be affected by this situation. The muscles that support your bladder tend to weakens as you get older. This can lead to urinary incontinence. The situation can also be caused by many different health problems. Symptoms can be mild to severe and may be an infection, kidney stone, prostate enlargement or a sign of cancer.

If you are experiencing urinary incontinence, make an appointment with your doctor. The situation can affect your daily life and potentially cause embarrassing accidents. Your doctor can also determine if the cause is a more serious medical condition.

Types of urinary incontinence

Urinary incontinence is divided into three general species. You can potentially experience multiple experiences at the same time.

Stress incontinence is triggered by some types of physical activity. For example, you can lose bladder control while exercising, coughing, sneezing, or laughing. Such activities put pressure on the sphincter muscle that keeps your urine in the bladder. This may cause the urine to release.

Urge incontinence arises if we take control of your bladder after experiencing a sudden and strong urge to pee. Once he hits the urge, urine is missed before he can go to the bathroom.

Causes of urinary incontinence

There are many potential causes for urinary incontinence. Examples include:

  • Weakes bladder muscles As a result of aging
  • Physical damage to your pelvic floor muscles
  • Enlarged prostate
  • Cancer

Some of these disorders can be easily cured and only cause temporary urinary problems. Others are more serious and persistent.

Urinary incontinence can be divided mainly into 3 types. During undesirable storage, involuntary contractions in the wall of urinary incontinence due to various causes are often compressed, causing urinary incontinency in the form of a toilet shortage. This type of urinary incontinence is called “Urinary incontinance type”. On the other hand, as a result of the weakening of the sphincter mechanism, movements that increase intra-abdominal pressure, such as cough, sneeze, are due to urination. This type of urinary incontinence is called stress-type urination. Another type of urinary incontinence is the prevention of urinary excretion such as urinary abduction as a result of a loss of urine due to the weakening and retention of prostate enlargement or urinary abduction and the accumulation of urine volume, as well as a leak in urinary excretion. This is called “Overflow type urinary incontinence”. Any of these 3 urinary incontinence patterns can be alone or in multiple forms in a urinary incontinence patient.

How is the urinary incontinence treatment?

It is important to reveal the urinary incontinence form and the underlying causes when the urinary incontinence treatment is decided. During stress-type abduction, it is important to strengthen the sphincter mechanism and avoid uncontrolled contractions in the treatment of seizure types. The treatment of overflow type deprivation is to prevent the accumulation of urine in the urinary bladder, i.e. to flush the urine properly. These treatments can be done in the form of medication or surgical treatment. The correct treatment of behavioral therapies, daily fluid quantity and duration, observational of toilet habits and similar lifestyle changes are neglected before or during drug treatment or surgical treatment. should not be. In addition, it is important to make movements called pelvic floor or Kegel exercises to strengthen the sphincter in the majority of patients, and in some patients it is the first step treatment.

What are the symptoms of urinary incontinence?

Since the treatment of urinary incontinence differs according to the pattern of urinary bladder, it is very important to determine the urine abduction pattern in each patient in order to detect the correct treatment. In most patients, urinary incontinence can be determined by some tests such as patient complaints, physical examination findings, bladder diary, laboratory tests, urinary flow rate, measurement of urine volume after urination and pad test. However, some patients who have not benefited from the previous treatment and are not eligible for complaints of the results, and in some patients with urinary incontinence, advanced treatment to accurately detect the pattern of urination Due to neurological problems you may need. The most important of these tests is the URODYNAMIC study, which is examined when the urinary bladder is full and empinised, and the changes in the resulting pressure. Urodynamic work is done in the Urodynamic laboratory. Urodynamic study provides very important information in determining the treatment for some patients and evaluating the treatment responses of some patients. In addition to urodynamic studies, various radiologic methods are used to visualize the urinary tract and urine samples, and the endoscopic examination method of the urinary incontinence and sphincter is cytoplopy.


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